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Haiti

IMPLIC - Involvement and participation of actors for the protection of the rights of persons deprived of their liberty

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

With an occupancy rate of 358% in 2017, or 1.43 square meters per prisoner, the problem of prison overcrowding is glaring in Haiti. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, overcrowding is mainly due to the high number of arbitrary arrests and the frequent use of pre-trial detention. Prolonged pre-trial detention accounts for between 70 and 80% of detentions at the national level. Over the last 20 years, various actions have been undertaken by the government, local actors and international organisations. The legal framework has been enriched with the ratification of international conventions and treaties, the adoption of progressive laws and the launching of a vast penal reform project. However, dysfunctions persist in the judicial system, in particular due to a lack of knowledge and non-application of the rule of law. The majority of the population, especially the most vulnerable, do not have access to the law and are the primary victims. The legal assistance programs temporarily funded under the Legal Assistance Offices (LAOs) have helped to improve respect for rights; however, they do not succeed in filling the gaps in the system in order to provide genuine access to justice in a sustainable manner.
 
Thus, IMPLIC was conceived in partnership with the Bureau of Human Rights in Haiti (BDHH), to respond to these issues with the objective of contributing to the strengthening of the rule of law and the respect of human rights in Haiti. More specifically, the project aims to contribute to the defense and protection of the rights of persons deprived of their liberty through the involvement and participation of national actors in Haiti. It is civil society and national actors who will allow a change in behaviour and a sustainable strengthening of the protection and defense of the rights of persons deprived of their liberty.
 
Contributing to the respect of rights aims to reduce impunity for violations of these rights and to bring the State back in line with its obligations; it is in this sense that the action contributes to the strengthening of the rule of law and human rights.
 
The project has been designed for a period of 28 months and will be implemented in the Metropolitan area (Port-au- Prince, Croix-des-Bouquets) and the Southern Department (Les Cayes, Aquin, Coteaux)

EXPECTED RESULTS & OBJECTIVES

EXPECTED RESULTS : 

  • The technical capacities of civil society organisations and human rights defenders are strengthened and they are able to ensure effective access to justice for persons deprived of their liberty.
  • All national actors act in synergy for the protection of the rights of persons deprived of their liberty and are in a position to monitor and influence change.

OBJECTIVES

  • Main objective : to contribute to the strengthening of the rule of law and respect for human rights in Haiti.
  • Specific objective : to contribute to the defense and protection of the rights of persons deprived of their liberty through the involvement and participation of national actors in Haiti.

ACTIONS

ACTIONS IN 2020 :

  • Training sessions for CSOs and human rights defenders on the defense and protection of the civil and political rights of persons deprived of their liberty.
  • Capacity building of the BDHH and other actors involved in legal assistance on the functioning of the inter-American human rights system.
  • Development of legal assistance activities for persons deprived of their liberty in order to promote access to law and justice for persons deprived of their liberty.
  • Training sessions for actors in the Haitian penal chain.
  • Production of awareness-raising tools for the general public through the creation of video vignettes, plays and artistic exhibitions on the rights of persons deprived of their liberty.
  • Creation of two sustainable tools: a good practice guide for legal aid actors in Haiti and a report on the challenges of penal reform.

FINANCIAL AND OPERATIONAL PARTNERS

The Delegation of the European Union in Haiti supports the project.

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